# Struttura della prova e syllabus

**TOLC-I structure**

From February 2018 the** TOLC-I** structure consists of **50 questions** divided into 4 sections.

The sections are: **Mathematics**,** Logic**,** Sciences**,** Verbal Comprehension**.

At the end of TOLC-I there is an **English Proficiency Test section with 30 questions**.

SECTIONS |
NUMBER OF QUESTIONS |
TIME ALLOTTED |

MATHEMATICS | 20 QUESTIONS | 50 MINUTES |

LOGIC | 10 QUESTIONS | 20 MINUTES |

SCIENCES | 10 QUESTIONS | 20 MINUTES |

VERBAL COMPREHENSION | 10 QUESTIONS | 20 MINUTES |

TOTAL |
50 QUESTIONS |
110 MINUTES |

ENGLISH | 30 QUESTIONS | 15 MINUTED |

TOTAL INCLUDING ENGLISH |
80 QUESTIONS |
125 MINUTES |

The result of each TOLC-I, apart from the section English Proficiency Test, is determined by the number of questions answered correctly, incorrectly or unanswered which make up the total score as follows: **1 point for each correct answer, 0 points for each unanswered question and a penalty of 0.25 points for each incorrect answer.**

**There is no penalty for incorrect answers for the section English Proficiency Test **and the score is determined as follows: 1 point for each correct answer and 0 points for each incorrect answer and unanswered question.

**TOLC-I syllabus**

Logic and Verbal comprehension – The Logic and Verbal comprehension questions seek to test in particular the candidate’s aptitude rather than the skills acquired in secondary school. Therefore, they do not require any specific preparation.

**Arithmetic, mathematics and algebra – **Properties and operations on numbers (integers, rationals, real numbers). Absolute value. Powers and roots. Logarithms and exponentials. Symbolic mathematics. Polynomials (operations, factorisations). First and second degree algebraic equations and inequalities or reducible. Systems of first degree equations. Fractional rational equations and inequalities and with radicals. Geometry, segments and angles; measurements and properties. Lines and planes. Significant loci. Properties of the main plane geometric figures (triangles, circles, regular polygons, etc.) and their perimeters and areas. Properties of the main solid geometric figures (spheres, cones, cylinders, prisms, parallelepipeds, pyramids, etc.) and relative volumes and areas of the surface.

**Analytical geometry and numeric functions – **Cartesian coordinates. The concept of function. Equations of lines and of simple loci (circles, ellipses, parabolas, etc.). Graphs and properties of elementary functions (powers, logarithms, exponentials, etc.). Calculations with logarithms. Equations and inequalities with logarithms and exponentials.

**Trigonometry – **Graphs and properties of sine, cosine, and tangent. The main trigonometric formulas (addition, subtraction, duplication, bisection). Trigonometric equations and inequalities. Relations between elements of a triangle.

**Statistics – **Basic elementary notions of statistics is required (permutation, combination, mean, variance and frequency). Basic notions to read frequency diagrams and histograms.

**Mechanics – **The understanding and knowledge of the following topics and concepts is required: scalar and vector quantity, measurement of physical quantities and unit of measurement; definitions of the fundamental physical quantities (displacement, velocity, acceleration, mass, momentum, force, weight, work and power); Newton’s first law, Newton’s law of universal gravitation and Newton’s third law, fluid mechanics.

**Optics – **The principles of geometric optics; reflection, refraction; refractive index; prisms; concave and convex lenses and mirrors; elementary notions of lens systems and instruments.

**Thermodynamics – **The knowledge of the following concepts is required: temperature, heat, specific heat, expansion, ideal gas law. Also required is an elementary knowledge of the laws of thermodynamics.

**Electromagnetism – **Elementary knowledge of electrostatics (Coulomb’s law, electrostatic field and condensers) and magnetostatics (electric intensity, Ohm’s law, magnetostatic field) is required. Also require is an elementary knowledge of electromagnetic radiations and their propagation.

**Chemistry and material structure – **Qualitative knowledge of atomic and molecular structure is required. In particular the elementary understanding of atom constituents and periodic table. Also required is the knowledge of the difference between ionic and molecular compounds and their physical characteristics, in particular of the more common compounds existing in nature, such as water and the atmospheric constituents.

**Chemistry symbols – **Knowledge of chemistry symbols is required as well as the meaning of chemical formula and equations.

**Stoichiometry – **Knowledge of the concept of mole and its applications is requested, as well as the capability to carry out simple stoichiometric calculations.

**Organic chemistry –** Knowledge of the structure of the simpler carbon compounds is required.

**Solutions – **Knowledge of the definition of acid base systems and pH is requested.

**Oxide–reduction – **Knowledge of the concepts of oxidation and reduction as well as elementary knowledge of the combustion reaction is requested.

**English section**

Depending on the result obtained in the test, the grid below shows the initial preparation level and how to improve your results, if necessary.

POINTS |
RECOMMENDED ENGLISH COURSE |

≤ 6 | Take a beginner English course (A1*) |

7 – 16 | Take a first level English course (A2*) |

17 – 23 | Take an intermediate English course (B1*) |

24 – 30 | Take the B1* level English exam with no need to take a course |